In 1945, under Chapter XII of its Charter, the United Nations established the International Guardianship System for the Supervision of Guardianship Territories under the authority of individual agreements with the administering States. The 1995 Commission on Global Governance report recommends an extension of the Board of Trustees. [Citation required] Their theory is that an international regulator is needed to protect environmental integrity and global commons on two-thirds of the world`s surface that are not national jurisdictions.  The Guardianship Council has not been given responsibility for colonial territories outside the guardianship system, although the Charter establishes the principle that Member States should manage these territories in accordance with the well-being of their inhabitants. In order to implement the provisions relating to the trust system, the General Assembly adopted Resolution 64 on 14 December 1946, which provided for the creation of the United Nations Guardianship Council. The Tutelle Council held its first session in March 1947. In March 1948, the United States proposed to clean up the territory of compulsory Palestine, with the end of the British mandate in May 1948 (see proposal for the American Trust for Palestine). However, the United States has not attempted to implement this proposal, which has been undermined by the state of Israel`s statement. Documents containing the text of the agreement for each domain are available on the domain search guide page. At the San Francisco Conference in 1945, arrangements were made to form a new Un organization to monitor the decolonization of colonial-era dependent areas, which were specified in Chapter 12 of the United Nations Charter.
These dependent territories (colonies and mandated territories) should be placed under the authority of the international guardianship system created by the Charter of the United Nations, as a successor to the mandate system of the League of Nations. In the end, eleven territories were placed under guardianship: seven in Africa and four in Oceania. Ten of the territories under guardianship were previously mandates of the League of Nations; the eleventh was Italian Somaliland. Its mission was accomplished, the Guardianship Council suspended its work on 1 November 1994 and, although the Charter of the United Nations continues to exist on paper, its future role and even its persistence remain uncertain. The Board is currently headed (from 2018[Update]) by Anne Gueguen, with Jonathan Guy Allen as Vice-President, although the only current obligation of these officers is to meet occasionally with the heads of other UN organizations. According to the United Nations website, Article 77 of the Charter provides for the International Fiduciary System to apply: in March 2005, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan proposed comprehensive reform of the United Nations, including an extension of the Security Council. Since this restructuring would make significant changes to the Charter of the United Nations, Annan proposed, as part of these reforms, the total abolition of the guardianship council.  In order to control the management of fiduciary territories and to ensure that governments responsible for their administration take appropriate measures to prepare them for the objectives of the Charter, the United Nations created the Guardianship Council under Chapter XIII of the Charter.